The Shechina, the presence of G-d in the world, goes into exile just as the Jews do. What does that mean? What does the Torah look like when the Shechina is in exile versus when it's not? The 50th gate reaches the level of the light of Mashiach, the highest level possible. How can we comprehend what this looks like? We see many righteous people who suffer and evil people who prosper; how do we understand that? Overview of scientists through history who tried to explain and understand the universe's phenomena. What is tiferes? It is seeing a large, unified picture which emerges from all the small facts or pieces. When the Shechina went into exile we lost all its attributes - strength, beauty, seeing the big picture. The nations of the world have power over us because they received the strength of the exiled Shechina. The Torah refers to the Jews as poor people, becuase the Shechina is in exile and we no longer have the ability to put pieces together and to see the whole. Another verse says that the Jews live in a cemetery. This refers to the Talmud Bavli, why? What have we lost? Moshe broke the first luchos, which was the Torah of the 50th gate. Then he received the second luchos, which actually had the first ones within them. You can find the light of the Mashiach by looking into the Torah itself, since the first tablets are contained within it. Later on in history, Rabbi Akiva failed to bring the redemption. So then what happened to the Torah? What did Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai do with the Torah, and why do we celebrate/mourn him on Lag B'Omer? Why did Christianity have such a resounding success? Is this a punishment for us? Did the exiled Shechina go to them? What happens to Christianity when there is logic and science and wisdom? In the Middle Ages, some of the tiferes began to return to us with the finding of the Zohar and with the writing of the Mishna Torah, a highly organized and sequenced set of all the halachot. In the Messianic era, finally the Torah and wisdom will once again come together, the Torah as the bridegroom and wisdom as the bride.